Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, is a bacterial infection that can destroy the soft tissues and bone that support the teeth. The most common causes of periodontal disease include:

  • Gingivitis (gum infection)

Gingivitis is the early phase of periodontal illness that influences just the gum tissue. Gingiva, normally alluded to as gums, is the delicate pink tissue at the floor of the oral pit (mouth) that covers the foundations of the teeth. Gingivitis may come about because of plaque (a sticky substance made up of microscopic organisms) develop on teeth and may prompt to red, swollen gums that are inclined to draining while brushing and flossing. Damage or injury to the gums, because of ill-advised brushing strategy and certain therapeutic conditions, may build your danger of creating gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible at this stage; notwithstanding, if left untreated it might advance to a more serious type of gum infection called periodontitis.

  • Periodontitis

Periodontitis happens from a movement of untreated gingivitis and influences the tissues supporting the teeth, bringing about loss of bone and teeth. The periodontium alludes to the tissue that encompasses and backings the base of the teeth. Periodontitis typically creates as an aftereffect of poor oral cleanliness. Confusions connected with periodontitis incorporate danger of heart assault or stroke, low birth weight babies, inadequately controlled diabetes, and different genuine medical issues. Consistent brushing, flossing and dental registration can enormously diminish your possibility of creating periodontitis.