Gum recession is a generally happening dental issue in which the edge of your gum tissue around the teeth tends to pull back towards the foundation of the teeth. Subsiding gums makes it less demanding for the microscopic organisms to duplicate in the framed crevices between the teeth and the gum line. Gum subsidence may harm the encompassing tissues and hard tooth structures in this manner bringing about tooth misfortune if not treated opportune.

You may experience tooth sensitivity, notice a notch near the gum line or your tooth may start appearing longer than usual.

 

Causes

Various factors may cause your gums to recede. They include:

  • Periodontal diseases causing bacterial gum infections
  • Genetic susceptibility to gum disease
  • Hard or aggressive tooth brushing
  • Tartar (hardened dental plaque)
  • Hormonal changes
  • Piercing of the lip or tongue
  • Tobacco
  • Misalignment and grinding of teeth

Treatment

Gum recession is treated by cleaning the gaps and surface of the tooth to remove plaque and tartar. This makes it difficult for the bacteria to get attached to the tooth. You may be prescribed antibiotics to resolve existing bacterial infections. If you have excessive bone loss or deep pockets, your doctor may recommend surgery to repair the damage.

Surgical procedures to treat gum recession include:

  • Reducing the depth of formed pockets
  • Bone loss regeneration with the help of grafts or tissue stimulating proteins
  • Soft tissue graft

Gum recession can be prevented by practising good dental care methods. Daily brushing, flossing and regular tooth cleaning may help. Follow the correct style of brushing and use a soft-bristled toothbrush to prevent gum damage.